The development of adaptive capacity to reduce adverse impacts of global change in rural areas of developing countries requires analyses at various spatial scales and an understanding of the linkages across the various scales. At the farm level, households adjust to global change by changing farm practices or abandoning farming. These local actions, in turn, influence climate and global change. At the basin level, basin authorities influence both land and water allocation, and carry out purposeful adaptations to global change.
A publication by IFPRI, 2008